For a tough mountain ski race like Expedition Amundsen (EXA) in Hardangervidda, participants should prepare physically but may also want to optimize their equipment to meet the special requirements. If you plan to race the race, meaning you will take only the minimal mandatory rests, you might find yourself skiing straight into a snow storm. This should be taken into account during preparation.
In the following I describe some of the special equipment adaptions that I have made for an individual start at EXA this year. As most of it is related to poor weather skiing in general, I present this here in a larger context.
GPS chest harness:
Light (185g) and yet stiff holder for a (Garmin) GPS device. Allows a permanent off-hands use of the GPS which stays conveniently within view. Accordingly, the official race track can be followed within several meters even during white-out conditions and at night. Custom-made from a 10mm high-density polypropylene rod (flexibility tested down to -30°C). Belt mount assures a rigid, wobble free fit. Worked great in EXA 2019. Attachment via Garmin bicycle holder. Collapsible (do not bend when cold), packs flat.
Aluminum housing from an old saucepan (ebay) for a Primus OmniLite stove with silencer. Holds a 2,5L saucepan safely in place. Big enough for snow melting for 1-2 persons. At the price of a little more weight (600g), it returns valuable advantages: Extremely tip proof. No accidental burn risk by contact to open flame for safe use inside the inner tent [yes, it CAN BE safe to use a stove inside the inner tent as long as you arrange for some CONSTANT VENTILATION and don’t fall asleep. So sit upright while cooking!] and wind shelter (see below). Can be packed when stove is still hot. Wooden handle and wooden bottom for insulation. Takes also small fuel bottle even without hose dismount.
Wind shelter with ski attachment:
For windy breaks or shorter rests, such as the 1h break in Hellevasbu, I sewed on two velcro straps in the upper part and two loops in the bottom to a standard 2-person wind bag. This allows the bag to be held in place on the wind side by me – sitting on my pulk – and on the off-wind side by skis. The stove system, see above, can be used inside for a cozy warm rest.
All-in-one pulk harness plus backpack:
In order to hydrate and snack regularly and without great effort, I carry a small backpack for thermos and snacks. Saves time compared to picking items from the pulk. As dehydration easily becomes an impairment in a cold weather race like EXA, a hydration system might also be placed inside the backpack. If it is stored close to the back, inside an aluminum pouch and heated by affordable, 12h iron-oxide hand warmers, water can be kept liquid even at low temperatures. An insulation for the drinking hose makes sense but it must be emptied after each drink in order to prevent icing up. Better than blowing water inside the hose back to the container is to open the valve, hold the end up and let gravity do the work. As the backpack’s shoulder straps tend to get tangled up with the pulk harness and like to slip from my shoulders, I fixed the pack with buckles to the Fjellpulken expedition harness. The plastic buckle I exchanged against an aircraft seat buckle for improved stability and handling with mittens.
Finger tips are hard to keep warm in storms at lower temperatures. I have gone through different combinations of mittens and ended up with home knit, long inner gloves of heavy felted wool and evenly long over mittens with a light fleece insulation. Make sure that the cuffs of the woolen mitts are not too narrow, as this can severely obstruct entry with cold and sometimes humid hands. Most felted mitts you can buy have long and narrow cuffs, which is impractical. See to it that cuffs are long but open up at the end with only one short narrow part at the wrist to prevent slipping. Beware: There are extreme mittens with fiber („PrimaLoft“) insulation on the market which may work well for mountaineers. But they are not for skiers: You can’t hold a ski pole tightly with them. It will always swim in your hand no matter how tight your grip is. Palms should not be made of synthetics as this becomes too stiff in the cold but are best made from soft goat leather. These make for excellent outer mittens but the slippery inner mittens should be exchanged against woolen ones. A thin pair of woolen gloves works well if you take off your mittens to take photos. As these mitts are super-warm, I use lighter ones in regular conditions.
Tent bag with „orientation“:
For a quicker tent pitch, the semi collapsed, taped poles of the tunnel tent stay in their sleeves and the tent is wound up starting from the leeward side before it goes into a bag (sewn from an old sail) that is optimally shorter than the pulk so it fits in and needn’t go on top. In order to pitch the tent in stormy conditions, one would sit with the back to the wind and roll it out in the correct orientation. That is, the wind side alcove facing the wind, right away, without any turning and tossing. In order to assure the correct position of the tent bag, I marked it with directions for tent packing and wind orientation when unpacking.
EXA has some exciting descents, especially in the last section down to Maurset, which most will come down during the night. A pulk is an unforgivable pusher and a fall at full speed can break harness rods, as happened to me. So one might wish for a brake, especially when the downhill is an icy crust. I rigged a 2m rope with some knots to the dragging system where it is attached to the pulk, forming a loop which stowes away on the pulk’s deck. When the loop is released, the pulk runs over it, braking itself pretty effectively.
For hill traversing, some people even mount adjustable side brakes in order to prevent the pulk from side slipping but I would’t like to destroy the look of my old Fjellpulken. Instead, it often helps to either increase the angle of ascent during a traverse or decrease it and ski down a little to pick up speed and prevent the pulk from slipping this way.
Further refinements, in short:
- In general, a tent for extended winter trips must have snow flaps. Tents of the Helsport X-trem series for example have excellent winter features. For the special case of a solo EXA start though, I’ll take a lighter and smaller Hilleberg tent instead of my spacious but heavy Spitsbergen X-trem. Unfortunately Hilleberg does not supply snow flaps for their tents – at least not in Europe – not even for the four season („black label“) ones. In order to at least protect the wind side of my Nammatj 2 tunnel from filling with drift snow, I sewed on a snow flap on that side only. Can be removed again for non-winter use for better ventilation
- For better breathability, I forego Gore-Tex anoraks and use „Ventile“ cotton instead. It has carried me through lots of snow storms and there has never been ANY condensation inside. Also, many stylish Gore-Tex anoraks are way too tightly cut and short: Make sure your „parts“ are well covered. Check these brands: Amundsen, Barra, Hillary, Brenig, Sasta, Hilltrek
- To prevent the anorak hood’s collar fur to cover my head lamp in stormy nights, I wear a base cap to keep it up
- Instead of regular snow goggles and a face mask that has a tendency to slip from my small nose :-(, I use snowmobile goggles with a (detachable) face protection when its blowing, such as this
- For protection of groin and thighs („numb spots“), a windproof and fiber filled shorts with side zippers, such as this, comes in really handy in storms.
- For better glide, I exchanged synthetic against mohair skins
- In order to prevent skins from coming off, I removed the old glue and re-applied Colltex glue evenly by means of a tape. To re-glue skins that come off nevertheless, I carry Colltex quick-patches (prefer that to the screws that some use). As per my experience, Colltex is far better than „Contour“ brand glue
- In order not to oversleep in the checkpoint, like last year, I found a super loud (75dB) and vibrating alarm clock which I’ll wear around the neck in the sleeping bag.
Steffen Wagner, January 2020
Credits go to Bengt Rotmo, from whom I learned a lot and to EXA veteran Ak Glück-Teigland.